Costa Rica History Review
A brief review
The history of Costa Rica is a triumph of peace over hostility, due to the tranquil atmosphere of this country
Studies in Costa Rica confirmed that many civilizations have settled in this region for 10,000 years after the arrival of Spanish conquistadors.
Many indigenous civilizations have disappeared, with Costa Rica home, leaving behind mysteries and wonders for future generations. One of these wonders are hundreds of rocks that have been found in the Pacific Coast, perfectly spherical, ranging from the size of a baseball up rocks the size of a car.
Objects of gold and jade are other treasures left by these ancient civilizations, and that can now be admired in museums in the Central Valley.
Recently Costa Rica History
More recently, ancient Indian ruins found near the Central Valley, revealing sophisticated systems of aqueducts and canals, as well as magnificent buildings that are beyond imagination.
By the time of the arrival of Columbus, there were four Indian tribes main living in Costa Rica. The east coast was the domain of the Caribbean, while Boruca Diquis Chibchas and lived in the south-west.
For starters, these populations were not numerous and when the Spanish arrived, were responsible for almost disappear them, some escaped and others were killed, yet many settlers established colonies in Central America and Mexico, which finally won its independence from Spain in 1821.
Due to this historic declaration, Costa Rica declared itself as a democracy with a president, parliament or publicly elected Assembly. Early coffee became the main product of Costa Rica, and the coffee oligarchy became the ruling class.
Other products such as bananas also helped the economic growth of Costa Rica. All these efforts of agriculture made possible the improvement of roads, telecommunications systems, building roads, railways, electricity and making education available to all. Realizing this, investors around the world created profitable businesses that exist even today.
Many great presidents we’ve had, and not so memorable, forged the Costa Rica today.
Undoubtedly, and so far, the greatest achievement of Costa Rica was the dissolution of the army after the civil war in 1948, low and mandate of former President Jose Figueres Ferrer, and that changed forever the face of our nation, making and what is today a nation warm, calm and peaceful.
Some came and went, until the former president Oscar Arias put Costa Rica in the eyes of the world, winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987 for his efforts in the conflicts in Central America.
Today Costa Rica is still a peace-loving country, no army, however has the highest literacy cup of the world, and many companies such as INTEL, has established a corporation here. Tourism also plays an important role, as Costa Ricans have learned to value and appreciate the benefits that foreign investment can bring. If you visit us you will realize that everyone in Costa Rica are friendly and always willing to help.