Costa Rica Demographics

Demography Costa Rica

Short Costa Rica Demographics Riview

The estimated population of Costa Rica in 2010 is 4,563,539 2,314,293 inhabitants,
Men and 2,249,246 women.
Most of this population is concentrated in areas of San José, Alajuela, Cartago and
Heredia, with about two-thirds of the total population.
The growth rate of the Costa Rican population has declined from 2.3% in 1999 to
1.15% in 2010. This led to an aging population, as population pyramids show the following:
Population estimates for 2011-2020 are:
It is estimated that the rate of population growth continues to decline to 1.05% in
2020, so that the aging population will be more pronounced in the
Future, as in most developed countries.
The gradual decline in the growth rate is mainly due to the sharp decline in birth rates. In 1999, this rate was 20.4 ‰, while
In 2010, fell to 14.5 ‰. This is compounded when considering the stagnation of mortality (4 ‰ in 1999, approximately).
A sample of the growing development of Costa Rica is the evolution of life expectancy
In 1999, life expectancy was 77.4 years (79.9 years for women and 75
Years for men). Then in 2010 the data reflects 79.3 years (81.8 years for women and
76.8 For men).
The main causes of population mortality in 2009 were:

  • Acute myocardial infarction: 1440 deaths (twice as many men as women)
  • Malignant neoplasm of stomach: 570 dead
  • The other undetermined causes: 476 dead
  • Chronic ischemic heart: 409 dead
  •  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute. 325 dead

These causes of death accounted for 17% of all deaths in 2009.
Additional data showing the evolution of this country is the decline in infant mortality rates, though still considered high. In 1999, this rate stood at 11.8 ‰, is
say, per 1000 births, 12 children have not reached their first birthday. In 2009

Finally, it is important to note that over 90% of the population of Costa Rica is of European origin, so that the population has more features in common with the country
European countries or North America.